Septic systems come in different forms. Your choice determines the system's cost, maintenance, efficiency, and even durability. Below are the major factors that should guide you in selecting your septic system.
Weather elements affect how some septic systems work. Since septic installation is a long-term investment, consider your area's climate before choosing your septic system.
For example, chamber systems suit areas with above-average precipitation. The chamber system uses a series of chambers and pipes to treat and dispose of waste. The chambers ensure that water in the ground doesn't interfere with waste disposal.
Similarly, an evapotranspiration system is best for arid areas with adequate sunlight and heat. Such conditions encourage evaporation of treated effluent, which is how an evapotranspiration system works.
Most septic systems require permeable soils that absorb and filter effluent. However, some areas have rocky land or impermeable soils that hinder waste absorption. Consider a septic system that doesn't rely on soil conditions if you live in such an area.
An aerobic septic system is a good example. The aerobic system comes with two tanks that treat the effluent twice. The double treatment means the final effluent does not rely on soil filtration, so the available soil doesn't have to be permeable.
A conventional septic system requires a drain field, which is an excavated and backfilled site for waste disposal. The drain field size depends on expected waste volume, among other factors. Thus, the bigger the septic system's capacity, the bigger the drain field you need.
As you can see, a big drain field is not feasible if you have limited space in your home. In such a case, consider a septic system that does not require a big drain field or any drain field. A good example is an aerobic system, which relies on two tanks for waste treatment and reduces the need for large drain fields.
You should also consider each system's maintenance requirements and your ability to meet them. The consideration is necessary because some systems require more maintenance than others, and inadequate maintenance affects septic system efficiency and safety. For example, the complexity of the drip distribution system means they require more maintenance than convention systems.
Most homeowners lack the knowledge, experience, and resources to determine the best septic system for their circumstances. Involve an experienced septic technician in your project right from the start to help you make the right decision.
Reach out to a septic tank installation company for more information.